It shouldn’t be difficult to bring the love of a family into the
life of a foster child, but when it comes to
interstate adoptions there are challenges. In fact, in some ways it seems easier to adopt a
child from a foreign country than to adopt a child from a different state
in the same country.
In 2012 foster care saw 840 interstate adoptions and 8,868 international
adoptions to American adoptive parents. Why are there so many children
adopted from foreign countries in comparison to children crossing state
lines within the United States for adoption? Many believe it is simply
because there are always political leaders and representatives who fight
to keep the international gates open for orphans in need of parents.
Challenges that Must be Faced with Interstate Adoption:
- Each state in the United States has its own child welfare system (sometimes
referred to as Child Protective Services) with varying costs, benefits
and regulations. No state can override or control those of another state.
- The lack of a national adoption system makes it difficult to adopt children
across state lines, even while children wait for homes and families are
wishing to adopt. In the United States, we have 50 different child welfare
systems with 50 different processes for adoption eligibility, recruitment,
training and approval.
Laws do exist that allow for interstate adoption. The major difficulty
in adopting across state lines comes from bureaucracy and unintentional
disincentives. They generate barriers that have been recognized by professionals
for years. For instance, the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 provides
a provision that penalizes any state that denies or delays child placement
for adoption when there is an approved family that is available to adopt
outside of the jurisdiction.
If you are interested in utilizing interstate adoption law to provide
a home for a child, contact an experienced family law attorney. At
Arizona Family Law Attorneys
we know how to rise to the challenges of adopting a foster child across