In a typical
direct placement adoption, the prospective parents take an active role in identifying a birth mother,
usually by networking, advertising, or by using the Internet. However,
in an agency adoption, the birth parents relinquish their parental rights
to an agency, and the agency, in turn, consents to an adoption by specific
adoptive parents. In direct placement adoption, the birth parents are able to give their
consent directly to the adoptive parents.
In most cases, your lawyer will handle all the legal documents, negotiate
payments to the birth mother, and represent you at the adoption court
hearing. Some attorneys can even help you locate and screen birth mothers.
Your lawyer will make sure the birth father's rights are addressed
and that you get a required home study from a reputable service that complies
with state requirements.
If the adoptive parents and birth parents live in different states, your
lawyer should understand the Interstate Compact for the Placement of Children
(ICPC), a uniform law that sets procedures for the transfer of children
from one state to another.
In this country, as many newborns are placed each year through direct placement
adoption as through agency adoption.
Birth parents might prefer direct placement adoption due to the following reasons:
Agencies are bureaucratic;
Ability to select the adoptive parents;
Their child will go directly to the adoptive parents not into temporary
The adoptive parents also have the following reasons for direct placement:
To avoid the long waiting periods with agency adoptions;
The ability to adopt without meeting the sometimes-arbitrary standards
that may be imposed by agencies.
Getting to play a direct role in locating a birth mother.
Being permitted to have some degree of contact with their child's
Due to the complicated process of direct placement adoption, hiring an
experienced attorney is imperative. An adoption attorney will be able
to explain your rights and the adoption laws plus providing an unbiased
explanation of adoption methods and resources. Your attorney will review
and negotiate the paperwork to insure that your interests and the interests
of the child are served during the entire adoption process.
If you need assistance with a direct placement adoption, please get in
touch with the adoption lawyers at
Arizona Family Law Attorneys today.